911 waking up to a tragedy
Most spoke English poorly, some hardly at all.
The hijackers had to beat only one layer of security-the security checkpoint process. It does not employ common standards and practices in reporting intelligence or in training experts overseas and at home. The conspiracy made extensive use of banks in the United States. We now know that these attacks were carried out by various groups of Islamist extremists. Only six people in the World Trade Center towers at the time of their collapse survived. Some officials inside the Pentagon, including those in the special forces and the counterterrorism policy office, also expressed frustration with the lack of military action. Both Congress and the executive need to do more to minimize national security risks during transitions between administrations. There were also broader management issues with respect to how top leaders set priorities and allocated resources. Bin Ladin and his chief of operations, Mohammed Atef, occupied undisputed leadership positions atop al Qaeda. In June , President Barack Obama announced the beginning of large-scale troop withdrawals from Afghanistan. The NCTC would build on the existing Terrorist Threat Integration Center and would replace it and other terrorism "fusion centers" within the government. They managed to avoid attracting much attention. Bin Ladin's inference may well have been that attacks, at least at the level of the Cole, were risk free. The attacks killed people, including 12 Americans, and wounded thousands more.
But no agency can solve the problems on its own-to build the network requires an effort that transcends old divides, solving common legal and policy issues in ways that can help officials know what they can and cannot do. Jet fuel from the Boeing caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building, which is the headquarters of the U.
As one official now serving on the front lines overseas put it to us: "One fight, one team.
Steel, glass, ash, and bodies fell below. Its operations and planning should follow the policy direction of the president and the National Security Council.
But for more than three years, through both the late Clinton and early Bush administrations, the CIA relied on proxy forces, and there was growing frustration within the CIA's Counterterrorist Center and in the National Security Council staff with the lack of results. The Bush administration began developing a new strategy with the stated goal of eliminating the al Qaeda threat within three to five years.
911 waking up to a tragedy
Many dedicated officers worked day and night for years to piece together the growing body of evidence on al Qaeda and to understand the threats. This work continues. The NCTC would become the authoritative knowledge bank, bringing information to bear on common plans. The Incident Command System, a formalized management structure for emergency response in place in the National Capital Region, overcame the inherent complications of a response across local, state, and federal jurisdictions. One became the tactical commander of the operation in the United States: Mohamed Atta. But we are not safe. At , a fourth airliner crashed in a field in southern Pennsylvania. The U. Lack of Military Options In response to the request of policymakers, the military prepared an array of limited strike options for attacking Bin Ladin and his organization from May onward. Throughout the s, the FBI's counterterrorism efforts against international terrorist organizations included both intelligence and criminal investigations. This immeasurable pain was inflicted by 19 young Arabs acting at the behest of Islamist extremists headquartered in distant Afghanistan. After a brief stay in Los Angeles about which we know little, the al Qaeda operatives lived openly in San Diego under their true names.
based on 14 review