The Hundred Years War with France was both expensive and divisive. Its severity was relaxed in the 17th Century and the Spanish Inquisition was finally abolished in The challengers to Catholicism were particularly persecuted in 15th Century Spain - resulting in two events: The Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of Jews.
Only if a land worthy of economic exploitation was found would it be colonized.
Economic change also helped to form the emerging nation. The consequences of this economic transformation were dramatic: the landlords', knights', and peasants' relationship to the land dramatically changed; the land itself was physically altered through various economic "improvements;" a new "permanent proletariat" of landless laborers arose in England; mercantilism became the economic foundation of the English economy; and social, political, and economic inequality greatly increased.
In short, the social, political, and economic lives of the vast majority of English men and women were dramatically changed by the end of feudalism and the origin of mercantilism.
The survivors thank the Lord for nature's bounty in the ceremony of Thanksgivingwith the local Indians sharing in this first annual celebration.
Within a century, there was not enough land to meet the needs of all the people. It tells us that the first waves of European immigrants to the "New World" were largely people no longer wanted or welcome in Europe - so called "disposable people" who were forced to carve out a new life in an unfriendly environment and dedicated to the idea that hard working, Protestants could, as individuals, create a better life for themselves.
The Indians had experienced small parties of Spanish explorers and missionaries in the s and wondered what these newcomers would bring.
As a result of the enclosure of traditional common lands which were increasingly used to raise sheepmany common people were forced to become wage laborers or else to support themselves hand-to-mouth or simply as beggars.