Environmental ethics and the principles of
The rationale for this approach is that all parties with an interest in a business activity are involved in it because they want to make a profit. Man is part of nature.
Google Scholar Light, A. So while we could acknowledge that plants have moral standing, we might nevertheless accord them a much lower significance than human beings, thus making it easier to justify our use and destruction of them.
Three principles of environmental ethics
In this section I will review three of the most prominent. Stone reasoned that if trees, forests and mountains could be given standing in law then they could be represented in their own right in the courts by groups such as the Sierra Club. For example, while plants may have a biological good, is it really good of their own? Clearly, this stands opposed to the conclusions of an ethic that gives such weight to the interests and rights of individual animals. So, in practice they violate many ethical codes. When environmental ethics emerged as a new sub-discipline of philosophy in the early s, it did so by posing a challenge to traditional anthropocentrism. Environmental ethics asserts that other animals, plants, and the elements such as water, soil or air are morally significant, and that humans have responsibilities to act so that their needs are met too. Such practices, he argues, are intrinsically wrong regardless of whether or not some better consequences ever flow from them. Stone proposed that trees and other natural objects should have at least the same standing in law as corporations.
For one thing, some people hunters and cat-torturers, for example no doubt have quite different intuitions, leading to quite different conclusions. Facilitated by a common structure, seemingly diverse forms of oppression can mutually reinforce each other Warren,Cheneyand Plumwood This causes a decrease in the level of public confidence in the accounting profession.
Approaches of environmental ethics
Johnson, Lawrence E. Dickstein ed. In a much cited essay White on the historical roots of the environmental crisis, historian Lynn White argued that the main strands of Judeo-Christian thinking had encouraged the overexploitation of nature by maintaining the superiority of humans over all other forms of life on earth, and by depicting all of nature as created for the use of humans. While the history of western philosophy is dominated by this kind anthropocentrism, it has come under considerable attack from many environmental ethicists. The ethos of ecocentrism stresses the linkage of all organisms and non-organisms in the ecosystem. In short, it is argued that ethical extensionism remains too human-centered, because it takes human beings as the paradigm examples of entities with moral standing and then extends outwards to those things considered sufficiently similar. Ethics is the will associated with decisions about right and wrong in the actions of human beings. When we speak of "character," we are not doing so precisely in the way that we often hear the word: As referring to a role in a play or movie. Shallow ecology might thus be regarded as very much the mainstream wing of environmentalism. Humans then begin to think and open their eyes to a need for sustainability which raises the demand for how to create a sustainability Miller Google Scholar Taylor, P. Such conclusions not only seem absurd, but also inimical to the environmentalist goal of preserving natural habitats and processes. Animal-centered ethics also face attack for some of the implications of their arguments. However, as we saw when discussing Aldo Leopold, it is one thing to say how nature is, but quite another to say how society ought to be.
Prioritize human rights over nature but not emphasizing human responsibility. Provided the flow of such goods and services does not reduce the capacity of the capital itself to maintain its productivity, the use of the systems in question is regarded as sustainable.
Policies must therefore be changed.
based on 108 review