They argued that the bourgeois phase of Russia's evolution could not yet be considered complete and pointed out that socialism in Russia was still out of reach due to the country's backwardness, the huge population of peasants and the small working class.
Lenin advocated for Russian defeat in World War I, arguing that it would hasten the political revolution he desired.
The First Congress, held inended shortly after it convened when most of the delegates were arrested. They transported Lenin in a sealed truck like a plague bacillus.
There he became associated with a group of radicals who were similarly impressed by the ideas of Marx and the influential Russian Marxist Georgy Plekhanov To win Ukrainian support for the Bolshevik regime he set up a nominally autonomous Ukrainian Soviet government and promised to promote the Ukrainian language and culture.
In JanuaryLeninists, recallists, and various Menshevik factions held a meeting of the party's Central Committee in Paris. He recovered and resumed work three months later, but then in December he suffered a second stroke and it became apparent that his health was in serious decline.
In opposition to the majority of Russian socialists, including those from his own Bolshevik party, Lenin was convinced that the time had come to end the "bourgeois" phase of the revolution.
Forming a separate party [ edit ] Leon TrotskyVladimir Lenin and Lev Kamenev The factions permanently broke relations in January after the Bolsheviks organised a Bolsheviks-only Prague Party Conference and formally expelled Mensheviks and recallists from the party.
Lenin held the highest post in the Soviet government until his death inwhen Joseph Stalin assumed power.
Two situations in particular shaped his life. Five years after that, he was promoted to Director of Public Schools for the province, overseeing the foundation of over schools as a part of the government's plans for modernisation.
However, when a European upheaval failed to materialize, the Comintern shifted its attention to Asia, where it supported the cause of colonial peoples struggling against European imperialism.
Russia came under the command of a Provisional Government, which opposed violent social reform and continued Russian involvement in World War I.